石雕之浮雕
栏目:石雕知识2 发布时间:2019-05-05
Relief of Stone Carving

      它主要有神龛式、高浮雕、浅浮雕、线刻、镂空式等几种形式。

  我国古代的石窟雕塑可归结为神龛雕塑,根据造型手法的不同,又可分为写实性、装饰性和抽象性;

  高浮雕是指压缩小,起伏大,接近圆雕,甚至半圆雕的一种形式,这种浮雕明暗对比强烈,视觉效果突出;

  浅浮雕压缩大,起伏小,它既保持了一种建筑式的平面性,又具有一定的体量感和起伏感;

  线刻是绘画与雕塑的结合,它靠光影产生,以光代笔,甚至有一些微妙的起伏,给人一种淡雅含蓄的感觉;

  镂空雕是把所谓的浮雕的底板去掉,从而产生一种变化多端的负空间,并使负空间与正空间的轮廓线有一种相互转换的节奏。这种手法过去常用于门窗栏杆家具上,有的可供两面观赏。

  所谓浮雕是雕塑与绘画结合的产物,用压缩的办法来处理对象,靠透视等因素来表现三维空间,并只供一面或两面观看。浮雕一般是附属在另一平面上的,因此在建筑上使用更多,用具器物上也经常可以看到。由于其压缩的特性,所占空间较小,所以适用于多种环境的装饰。近年来,它在城市美化环境中占了越来越重要的地位。浮雕在内容、形式和材质上与圆雕一样丰富多彩。

  它主要有神龛式、高浮雕、浅浮雕、线刻、镂空式等几种形式。

  我国古代的石窟雕塑可归结为神龛雕塑,根据造型手法的不同,又可分为写实性、装饰性和抽象性;

  高浮雕是指压缩小,起伏大,接近圆雕,甚至半圆雕的一种形式,这种浮雕明暗对比强烈,视觉效果突出;

  浅浮雕压缩大,起伏小,它既保持了一种建筑式的平面性,又具有一定的体量感和起伏感;

  线刻是绘画与雕塑的结合,它靠光影产生,以光代笔,甚至有一些微妙的起伏,给人一种淡雅含蓄的感觉;

  镂空雕是把所谓的浮雕的底板去掉,从而产生一种变化多端的负空间,并使负空间与正空间的轮廓线有一种相互转换的节奏。这种手法过去常用于门窗栏杆家具上,有的可供两面观赏。




It mainly has the form of shrine, high relief, shallow relief, line engraving, hollow-out and so on.           

The ancient grotto sculpture in China can be summed up as shrine sculpture. According to the different sculpture techniques, it can be divided into realism, decoration and abstraction.           

High relief refers to a form of small compression, big fluctuation, close to circular or even semi-circular sculpture. This kind of relief has strong contrast between light and shade, and its visual effect is prominent.           

Shallow relief has large compression and small fluctuation, which not only maintains a kind of architectural planarity, but also has a certain sense of volume and fluctuation.           

Line engraving is the combination of painting and sculpture. It is produced by light and shadow, replacing pen with light, and even has some subtle fluctuations, giving people a kind of elegant and implicit feeling.           

Hollow-out sculpture is the removal of the so-called relief floor, resulting in a variety of negative space, and make the negative space and positive space contours have a rhythm of mutual conversion. This technique used to be used in doors, windows and railings furniture, some of which can be viewed on both sides.           

The so-called relief is the product of the combination of sculpture and painting. It deals with objects by compression, expresses three-dimensional space by perspective and other factors, and only provides one or two sides for viewing. Embossment is usually attached to another plane, so it is used more in buildings and can be seen on utensils. Because of its compression characteristics, it occupies less space, so it is suitable for decoration in a variety of environments. In recent years, it has occupied an increasingly important position in urban beautification environment. Relief is as rich and colorful as round sculpture in content, form and material.           

It mainly has the form of shrine, high relief, shallow relief, line engraving, hollow-out and so on.           

The ancient grotto sculpture in China can be summed up as shrine sculpture. According to the different sculpture techniques, it can be divided into realism, decoration and abstraction.           

High relief refers to a form of small compression, big fluctuation, close to circular or even semi-circular sculpture. This kind of relief has strong contrast between light and shade, and its visual effect is prominent.           

Shallow relief has large compression and small fluctuation, which not only maintains a kind of architectural planarity, but also has a certain sense of volume and fluctuation.           

Line engraving is the combination of painting and sculpture. It is produced by light and shadow, replacing pen with light, and even has some subtle fluctuations, giving people a kind of elegant and implicit feeling.           

Hollow-out sculpture is the removal of the so-called relief floor, resulting in a variety of negative space, and make the negative space and positive space contours have a rhythm of mutual conversion. This technique used to be used in doors, windows and railings furniture, some of which can be viewed on both sides.