石雕栏杆的艺术价值及安装事项
栏目:石雕知识2 发布时间:2019-04-20
Artistic Value and Installation Matters of Stone Carving Bars

      栏杆制作系列的艺术价值之一,就是石雕栏杆是历史变迁的见证者。比如我国北京,故宫当中就有很多的石雕栏杆,因为故宫的建造者是1406年的明成祖永乐皇帝朱棣始建的,所以,故宫中的石雕栏杆,处处渗透着明代建造的气息。石雕栏杆的主要作用,是防止观赏故宫的游人坠落受伤,所以石雕栏杆一般被安装在高台或者石级上,故宫中的栏杆往往与须弥座设置的高台、踏头安装在一起,显得既既庄严、又高雅。这一点是明代建筑物中常用的手法。并且,故宫中的石雕栏杆,栏板上多采用石雕龙凤盘飞、祥云盘龙等造型,以显示帝王皇家的威严和气派。再比如苏州灵岩寺里面的石雕栏杆,因为灵岩寺是春秋吴王夫差所建,所以里面的石雕栏杆具有浓郁的春秋战国建筑风味,石雕栏杆比较矮小,栏板上的花纹多采用古代传说中的人物,比如八仙过海中的八仙。

  栏杆制作系列的艺术价值之二,就是石雕栏杆的历史研究价值。我国很多的石雕栏杆,采用的石材是非常罕见的汉白玉石或者大理石,这些栏杆经历数千年的历史变迁,依然屹立不倒,其中蕴含的历史价值也就是其艺术价值的体现。

  下面,我们再来谈谈安装石雕栏杆的注意事项有哪些?

  注意事项一,要正确看待安装石雕栏杆的报价问题。当我们决定在自己的建筑物中,加入安装石雕栏杆,就要合理看待安装费用问题。石雕栏杆的报价一般不低,主要原因有两点,一是石雕栏杆的建材比较昂贵;二是因为石雕栏杆含有建筑艺术性。所以,我们要关注的是石雕栏杆是否符合自己的设计要求,是否含有很高的艺术价值。

  注意事项二,要审核石雕栏杆的受力结构设计。外观好固然重要,但石雕栏杆的内部受力情况,更重要,因为石雕栏杆一旦建成,往往是百年大计,不易返工重来。




One of the artistic values of the production series of railings is that stone-carved railings are witnesses of historical changes. For example, there are many stone-carved railings in the Palace Museum in Beijing, because the builder of the Palace Museum was built by Emperor Zhu Di, Yongle, Ming Chengzu, in 1406. Therefore, the stone-carved railings in the Palace Museum permeate the atmosphere of the construction of the Ming Dynasty everywhere. The main function of stone-carved railings is to prevent visitors to the Forbidden City from falling and injuring. Therefore, stone-carved railings are usually installed on high platforms or stone grades. The railings in the Forbidden City are often installed together with the high platforms and pedals set by Xumi Seat, which is both solemn and elegant. This is a common technique in Ming Dynasty buildings. Moreover, the stone carved railings in the Palace Museum are mostly shaped like stone carved dragons and phoenixes flying around and auspicious clouds flying around in order to show the dignity and style of the emperor and the Royal family. Another example is the stone carved railings in Lingyan Temple in Suzhou. Because Lingyan Temple was built by Wu Wang Fuchao in the Spring and Autumn Period, the stone carved railings in Lingyan Temple have strong architectural flavor in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. The stone carved railings are relatively small, and the patterns on the railings mostly adopt ancient legendary figures, such as the Eight Immortals crossing the sea.           

The second artistic value of the production series of railings is the historical research value of stone carved railings. Many stone-carved railings in our country are made of very rare Han white marble or marble. These railings have undergone thousands of years of historical changes and still stand firm. The historical value implied in these railings is also the embodiment of their artistic value.           

Next, let's talk about the matters needing attention in installing stone carved railings.           

First, we should correctly treat the quotation of installing stone carved railings. When we decide to install stone-carved railings in our own buildings, we should treat the installation cost reasonably. The price of stone-carved railings is generally not low. There are two main reasons. One is that the building materials of stone-carved railings are relatively expensive; the other is that stone-carved railings contain architectural artistry. Therefore, we should pay attention to whether the stone carved railings meet their own design requirements and whether they contain high artistic value.           

Second, the stress structure design of stone carved railings should be examined. It is important to have a good appearance, but the internal force of the stone carved railings is more important, because once the stone carved railings are built, it is often a century-old project, and it is not easy to rework