华表、石雕华表的历史及作用意义
栏目:石雕知识2 发布时间:2019-03-10
History and Functional Significance of Huabiao and Stone Carving Huabiao

  石雕华表悠久的历史:

  石雕华表是中华民族的传统建筑物,有着悠久的历史。

  相传华表既有道路标志的作,又有过路行人留言的作用,在原始社会的尧舜时代就出现了。那时,人们在交通要道设立一个木柱,作为识别道路和标志,后来的邮亭、传舍也用它作标识,它的名字叫作“桓木”或“表木”,后来统称为“桓木”,因为古代的“桓”与“华”音相近,所以慢慢读成了“华表”。

  石雕华表的作用:

  关于石雕华表的作用,历史上有很多不同的说法,大致有以下三种;

  一般认为,华表又名恒表、表木,是一种在古代建筑物中用于纪念、标识的立柱。华表起源于古代的一种立术,相传在我国尧舜时代,人们就在交通要道竖立木柱,作为行路时识方向的标志,这就是华表的雏形。

  另一种意见认为,华表起源于远古时代部落的图腾标志。华表顶端有一坐兽,似犬非犬,它叫做“犼”,民间传说这种怪兽性好望。

  还有一种说法认为,华表上古名“谤木”,相传尧、舜为了纳谏,在交通要道和朝堂上树立木柱,让人在上面书写谏言。也就是鼓励人们提意见。





Stone carving has a long history: 
          
Stone carved Chinese watch is a traditional building of the Chinese nation, with a long history.           

According to legend, Huabiao not only has the function of road signs, but also passers-by messages, which appeared in the Yao and Shun times of primitive society. At that time, people set up a wooden column on the main road to identify roads and signs. Later, mailboxes and heritages also used it as a sign. Its name was "Huamu" or "Watchwood", later collectively known as "Huamu", because the ancient "Huamu" was similar to the sound of "Huabiao", so it slowly became "Huabiao".           

The role of stone carvings in Huabiao:           

There are many different opinions about the role of stone carvings in Chinese history. There are roughly three kinds.           

It is generally believed that Huabiao, also known as Hengbiao and Bianmu, is a pillar used for Memorial and marking in ancient buildings. Huabiao originated from an ancient art of erecting. It is said that in the Yao and Shun times, people erected wooden pillars on the main road of traffic as a sign of direction, which is the rudiment of Huabiao.           

Another view is that Huabiao originated from the totem symbols of ancient tribes. There is a beast on the top of Huabiao, like a dog but not a dog. It is called "Yao". Folk legend says that this kind of monster is hopeful.           

Another theory holds that the ancient name of Huabiao was "libel wood". Legend has it that Yao and Shun set up wooden pillars on the main road of traffic and the court for the sake of receiving admonitions, so that people could write admonitions on them. That is to encourage people to put forward their opinions.