Lou: Shuowen Jiezi is called "Lou, heavy house". "This means that houses with more than two stories can be used for residential purposes or for other purposes, such as stone carving archways.
Stone carving archway; Ming Lou: The middle floor of the building is called Ming Lou, also known as the main building and the main building. The main building of the main building is a place with fine stone carving patterns. The relief patterns are deep about 5 cm. The carving subjects are generally stone carving, lion stone carving, Unicorn carving, dragon and Phoenix carving and other auspicious patterns.
Stone carving archway; Second floor: The buildings on the left and right sides of the Ming Building are called the second floor, which is usually lower than the Ming Building. The local carving patterns are generally 1-3 cm, archway theme, auspicious flowers and birds, stone carving mink carving, Ruyi, Baoxianghua, auspicious flowers and plants and other reliefs.
Jialou: The smaller building between the Ming Building and the Second Building of the Stone Carving Archway is called Jialou. Jialou usually appears in the relatively complex stone carving archway, such as the stone carving archway on the third and fifth floors of Sanmen, there is no Jialou, and stone carving archways on the seventh, fifth and ninth floors of Sanmen have Jialou.
Ridge: The ridge formed by the intersection of two slopes at the front and back of the roof is called the ridge.
Dragon kiss: also known as gull kiss, the main ridge with short tail at both ends of the animal head decoration, characterized by mouth swallowing ridge, tail curling. According to "Things Jiyuan" and "Qingxiang Zaji", there are fish in the sea and gulls in the tail. Hanbo Liangtai disaster, the more witches and water are tired of winning the law, to build Changgong Palace, like crows on the roof, that is, today's gull kiss is also. "It is said that the stone carved gull kiss can avoid fire and calamity. It resembles the tail of a gull and is occupied entirely by a curving dragon. In fact, it should be called a dragon kiss. In order to prevent the Dragon kiss from escaping back to the sea, a sword was inserted on its back to prevent it from taking off. Ming Dynasty Stone Carving Dragon kiss carving system is relatively fine, the sword handle on the back has been changed to symbolize the long, rolled petals forward oblique, stone carving archway on the Dragon kiss carving eyes to face the front. In the Qing Dynasty, the blades of sword handles were mostly upright and straight, with two eyes looking sideways.